Chemical Name: Biotin N-hydroxysuccinimide ester
Appearance: White or slightly yellow powder
Purity: ≥95.0% (HPLC)
MW: 341.38, C14H19N3O5S
Storage Condition: -20ºC
Shipping Condition: ambient temperature
Product Description of Amine-Reactive Biotins
The avidin-biotin system has many applications in immunology and histochemistry. The interaction between avidin and biotin is remarkably strong with a dissociation constant on the order of 10-15 M. Biotin is usually added to primary or secondary antibodies such as anti-IgG and anti-IgM. After preparing the antigen-antibody complex with the biotin-labeled antibody, colorimetric, or fluorometric detection of the antigen is performed using enzyme or fluorescein-labeled avidin or streptavidin. Succinimidyl ester biotins react with primary and secondary amines, such as amino acids and proteins, at pH 7-9. Succinimidyl ester reacts with free amine groups to create a stable amide bond. Succinimidyl biotin reagents must be dissolved in DMSO, DMF, or alcohol. Stock solutions prepared with DMSO are stable for several months at -20ºC. Sulfo succinimidyl biotin reagents are soluble in water, so there is no need to use organic solvents such as DMF or DMSO. IgG prepared using biotin with a longer spacer such as Biotin-(AC5)2-OSu or Biotin-(AC5)2-Sulfo-OSu, has a better signal-to-noise ratio. The longer spacer enables streptavidin or anti-biotin IgG to recognize biotin without structural inhibition. Therefore, Biotin-(AC5)2-OSu is utilized as the biotin labeling agent in the Biotin Labeling Kit-NH2.
Labeling Procedure for IgG
1. Prepare 10 mM of the biotin labeling reagent using DMSO.
2. Prepare 100 μl of 1 mg per ml IgG buffer solution (pH 7.5-8.5) that does not contain any large molecules with amine compounds.
3. Add 1-5ml biotin labeling reagent DMSO solution to the IgG buffer solution and incubate at 37ºC for 1 hour.
4. Remove excess biotin labeling reagent using gel filtration or dialysis.
5. Prepare solutions for further experiment using an appropriate buffer such as PBST (0.05% Tween 20/PBS).
1. P. Kongtawelert and P. Ghosh, A New Sandwich-ELISA Method for the Determination of Keratan Sulphate Peptides in Biological Fluids Employing a Monoclonal Antibody and Labelled Avidin Biotin Technique., Clin. Chem. Acta,, 1990, 195, 17 .
2. G. Paganelli, S. Pervez, A. G. Siccardi, G. Rowlinson, G. Deleide, F. Chiolerio, M. Malcovati, G. A. Scassllati and A. A. Epenetos, Intraperitoneal Radio-localization of Tumors Pre-targeted by Biotinylated Monoclonal Antibodies, Int. J. Cancer, 1990, 45, 1184.
3. C. Wagener, U. Kruger and J. E. Shively, Selective Precipitation of Biotin-labeled Antigens or Monoclonal Antibodies by Avidin for Determining Epitope Specificities and Affinities in Solution-phase Assays, Methods Enzymol., 1990, 184, 518 .
4. D. M. Boorsma, J. Van Bommel and E. M. Vander Raaij-Helmer, Simultaneous Immunoenzyme Double Labelling Using Two Different Enzymes Linked Directly to Monoclonal Antibodies or with Biotin-avidin, J. Microscopy, 1986, 143, 197.
5. A. Komura, T. Tokuhisa, T. Nakagawa, A. Sasase, M. chihashi, S. Ferrone and Y.Mishima, Specific Killing of Human Melanoma Cells with an Efficient 10B-compound on Monoclonal Antibodies, Pigment Cell Res., 1989, 2, 259.
6. R. Rappuoli, P. Leoncini, P. Tarli and P. Neri, Competitive Enzyme Immunoassay for Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin Using the Avidin-biotin System, Anal. Biochem., 1981, 118, 168.