ExoSparkler Exosome Protein Labeling Kit-Green
Exosome Protein Fluorescent Staining
- Observe exosome dynamics accurately without extracellular aggregation
- Cover steps from fluorescence labeling to purification
Product codeEX04 ExoSparkler Exosome Protein Labeling Kit-Green
|Unit size||Price||Item Code|
*Protein amount : 1-10μg/ sample, Particle count : 10 to 100 x 108 /samples
(As purified exosome using ultracentrifugation)
|5 samples||・Protein Dye-Green
Exosomes are a form of extracellular vesicle (EV), which may contribute to malignant transformation and the metastasis of cancer. Consequently, intercellular communication via exosomes is attracting considerable interest in the scientific community. To shed light on such communication, labeling techniques based on fluorescent dyes have been used. Fluorescent dyes that label the cellular membrane are commonly used for exosome labeling because the lipid bilayer in exosomes is a suitable labeling target. ExoSparkler series can be used for staining of purified exosomal membrane or protein, which allows imaging of labeled exosomes taken up by cells.
ExoSparkler series contains filtration tubes available for the removal of dyes unreacted after fluorescence labeling, as well as an optimized protocol for labeling exosomes. Our ExoSparkler series makes it possible to prepare fluorescence labeling of exosomes using the simple procedure.
ExoSparkler series product comparison
Exosomes were purified by ultracentrifugation (10μg exosome protein) and stained with each dye. Labeled exosomes were added to HeLa cells (1.25×104 cells), and the cells were incubated for 24 hours. Cells were washed, and immunofluorescence images showing labeled exosomes were observed.
Green: Ex 488nm/Em 490-540nm
Red: Ex 561nm/Em 570-640nm
Deep Red: Ex 640nm/Em 640-760nm
Localization of exosomes
Exosomes stained with ExoSparkler Exosome Protein Labeling Kit-Deep Red（Item#: EX06, Protein Dye-Deep Red）or ExoSparkler Exosome Membrane Labeling Kit-Red（item#：EX02, Mem Dye-Red）were added to HeLa cells, and the cells were co-stained with lysosome staining reagent (Green).
Exosomes were purified by ultracentrifugation (5 μg exosome protein) and stained with each dye. Labeled exosomes were added to HeLa cells (0.75×104 cells), and the cells were incubated for 3.5 hours. After that, cells were stained with lysosome staing reagent (Green). Cells were washed, and immunofluorescence images showing labeled exosomes were observed.
Protein Dye-Deep Red (purple) : Ex 640nm/Em 640-760nm
MemDye-Red (Red) : Ex 561nm/Em 570-640nm
Lysosome staing reagent (Green). : Ex 488nm/Em 490-540nm
Q & A
Are there recommended purification methods for exosome?
We recommended the exosomes prepared by ultracentrifuge. We also have experience labeling the exosomes purified by immunoprecipitation and magnetic beads.
You can also use the ExoIsolator Exosome Isolation Kit (EX10), which has been proven the recovery rate equivalent to that of the ultracentrifugal method.
In addition, exosomes prepared by the polymer-based precipitation method are not applicable for the following reasons.
1) The polymer may clog the filtration tube.
2) The polymer may interact with exosomes and change the membrane potential of exosomes. If the membrane potential changes, the intracellular kinetics of labeled exosomes may change when they are used in cellular uptake assays.
Some dyes remains on the filter after purification. Have unlabeled dyed been removed?
Unlabeled dye is likely to be retained inside the filter, but we have confirmed that the unlabeled dye is not remaining on top of the filter. Please refer to the following experiment:
① We stained the 10 µg exosomes (as protein amount) purified by ultracentrifugation.
② We also prepared only using buffer as a control
3. The recovered solution is added to HeLa cells (1.25 x 104 cells), and the fluorescence image was observed 4 hours later.
As a result, it was confirmed that no bright fluorescent particles (unlabled dyes) were observed in the cells using the recovered solution with the only buffer.
① Exosome + Buffer
② Only Buffer
Fluorescent images at 4 h incubation
Green：Ex 488 nm / Em 490 – 540 nm
Red ：Ex 561 nm / Em 570 – 640 nm
Deep Red：Ex 640 nm / Em 640 – 760 nm
Can I store the exosomes after labeling it?
We do not recommend storing the exosomes after it has been labeled.
Please use the stained exosomes as soon as possible.
Which media have been used in exosome uptake experiments?
We had evaluated the exosome uptake experiments using MEM (Minimum Essential Medium) and DMEM (Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium). We can not recommend using the serum-free medium because this kit has been optimized to observe in a serum-containing medium.
What is the amount of exosomes that can be labeled per sample?
Isolated exosomes (ultracentrifugation method), protein: 1-10 μg/sample, number of particles: 10-100x 108 particles/sample.
If there are contaminants other than exosomes, are they labeled by ExoSparkler, too?
Yes, if there are contaminants in the sample, such as proteins, they will be labeled by ExoSparkler too. Therefore, please prepare purified exosomes.
For details on the purification method, please refer to the FAQ "Are there recommended purification methods for exosomes?"
Handling and storage condition